The mill we are excavating can be traced back definitively to the mid 1790's because of the canalization of the mill race under the canal. Earlier references shown below should be treated as "possibles". Archaeology should provide a more certain answer.
The first record of a mill at Hollowforth* is contained in:-
Concord No: 58
At Lancaster, on the Octave of Holy Trinity, 20 Edward I. [8th June 1292]
Between Robert, son of Adam de Holand, plaintiff, and Adam de Neusam, deforciant of a mill, two oxgangs of land, and ten denariates of rent in Neusam [Newsham, parish of Walton-on-the-Hill].
Adam de Neusam acknowledged the mill, land and rent to be the right of Robert, as those which he had by the gift of Adam, to hold him and his heirs in perpetuity, of the chief lords of the fee, by the services thereto belonging. For this acknowledgement Robert gave him a sor sparrow-hawk.
The word "sor" refers to the colour of the hawk. Probably a chestnut color.
*This now appears to refer not to Hollowforth Mill but to a mill at Newsham in the (Liverpool) West Derby parish of Walton-on-the-Hill near Everton and Wavertree.
From "History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster" by Edward Baines
Online version at http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=qfVTAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA407&lpg=PA407&dq=eukestone&source=bl&ots=5j0c4cOOr8&sig=qMVVlfql9f67uY7fqP48UdGwhFs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-lniU57IA-yB7QaEmIG4Cw&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=eukestone&f=false
The abbey of Cockersand held two carucates of land in Newsome, or Newsham, on account of which a claim was made by John the abbot, to exemption from suit and service to the county and wapentake.
- Dr Kuerden's MS 4to. fo. 57. In the Chetham Libr.
The [above] claim is without date, but the validity of a similar claim was tried in 20 Edward I., and the exemption allowed as to Newsome.
- PLacit. de Quo. Warr. 20 Edw. I Lanc. Rot. 7
In 17 Edward II. William de Holland of Eukestone held a messuage, lands and a water-mill in Newsom, in Amundenesse.
- Escaet. 17 Edw. II. n. 54. (could be 51?)
Newsham and Hollowforth at various times in their history seem to be interchangeable.
From "Goosnargh, past and present" by Richard Cookson.
In 1 7th Edward II. (1324), William de Holland, of Eukestone, held a messuage, lands, and a watermill in Newsom, in Amounderness. The present mill is thus inscribed :
I.W. JOHN WARREN. E.W. ELIZABETH WARREN. 1702.
From Woodplumpton & its families religion houses by George Jackson
1728 William Billington was a dryster at Plumpton Mill
A dryster being the person in charge of drying the grain in a Kiln. Also there was another mill in Woodplumpton - to the South East of the village.
From "THE HAYDOCK PAPERS".
In 1768, during the anti-Jacobite and No-Popery fermentation at Preston, Newhouse chapel narrowly escaped destruction. An infatuated mob, after destroying St. Mary's chapel, in Friargate, Preston, and burning that at Cottam, moved in the direction of Newhouse for the purpose of demolishing the chapel there. But a neighbouring Protestant, named Hankinson, a descendant of the family of the man who betrayed George Haydock, the martyr, met the mob near Hollowforth Mill, and persuaded them not to touch the chapel. He entreated them not to molest Mr. Carter, whom he highly praised. He then provided them with food and drink, which appeased them, and thus they marched back to Preston.
5th June 1795
Agreement between William Threlfall and ........ on behalf of the Lancaster Canal Navigation Company for
"part of a close called Kester Park, the High Field and the Brook Meadow situate in the Hamlet of Newsham in the Township of Goosnargh now in possession of the said William Threlfall as farmer thereof"
"first for the Kester Park at and after the rate of £180 per acre and for the Highfield at and after the rate of £100 per acre and for the Brook Meadow at and after the rate of £195 per acre customary measure and £40 for Severance by reason of no Occupation Bridge and the said proprietors shall take the West side of the Brook Meadow at and after the same rate as that is taken for the said Canal."
LRO code DDX/88/6
This probably land just to the North of Moons mill but it does give a lower date for the building of the canal and therefore the mill race under the canal.
Lancashire Archives reference DDA/264
The Manor or Lordship of Woodplumpton. Sold by auction 5th October 1812 at the Black Bull in Preston.
Lot 43. Hollowforth CORN MILL, and PREMISES, in the occupation of Thomas Brown, and held by one Life, aged 63, under the yearly Rent of £1.0.0 and containing - - -
[there is no description]There was a Kiln Croft (probably a field) at the Lower House farm in the occupation of Mr Robert Breatche. Similarly another one at a farm called BRANDS, and Moss FIELD, now in the occupation of Mr John Moon.
STRANGE FEAT BY A COW. On Thusday week, _____ the servants of Peter Brown Esq., at the "Brands" estate, Woodplumpton, discovered that five of his master's cows were missing from a field eddish, near Hollowforth Mill, After a little search he found four of them in an outbuilding closely adjoining the drying kiln. In a short time the remaining animal was found under the kiln floor, in a place called the "Hell Hole". It would appear that she had get on the kiln floor through an aperture in the wall, which is only 40 inches in depth. and her weight (being a large cow, and fat) had forced a hole through the floor, from which she was precipitated a depth of full six feet, carrying along with her a heap of tiles, ponderous stones, and other materials; yet, strange to say, she was not injured in the least; indeed, there was not a mark or blemish on her body. A hole was immediately made in the wall, and she was released from her "prison house". Had the kiln been in use at the time her situation would have been a most perilous one, the probability being that she would have been suffocated, or rather roasted alive. We understand the damage done to the kiln, which amounted to a considerable sum, has been defrayed by Mr Brown.
Lancashire Archives DDX 391/8
Sale by Auction, Tuesday, 13th December 1859, at the Red Lion, Woodplumpton,
All that well accustomed Water Corn Mill.
Well known as Hollowforth Mill, with the Stones, Water Wheel, Machinery and going Gear connected therewith, together with the Land, Drying Kiln, Stable, etc, adjoining thereto, and now in the occupation of Richard Helm, as Tenant from Year to Year.
Addition to an indenture 1795.
From London Gazette Friday, September 30th, 1898
Receiving Orders. John Rigby, Hollowfirth Mill. Broughton, Nr Preston, Lancashire, Corn Miller.